In 2004 and 2005, Florida experienced an unprecedented level of tropical storm activity. In 2004, Hurricanes Charley, Frances, Ivan and Jeanne impacted our State. Hurricanes Dennis, Katrina, Rita and Wilma came ashore in Florida in 2005. In the short span of 24 months, millions of Florida residents were impacted, and property damages ran into the billions of dollars.
In response to these devastating hurricane seasons, state legislators passed House Bill 1721 and House Bill 1359, which identified enhanced statewide hurricane evacuation planning and a redefinition of the coastal high hazard area as state priorities. In accordance with this legislative direction, the State of Florida Division of Emergency Management (DEM) obtained grant money through the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) Hazard Mitigation Grant Program to conduct regional evacuation studies across the State.
DEM contracted with Florida’s Regional Planning Councils to carry out the Statewide Regional Evacuation Study Program (SRESP), in close collaboration with county emergency management agencies. The Regional Planning Councils facilitated consistent and integrated mapping and analysis of all-hazards evacuation across Florida. In South Florida, this multi-year project resulted in a comprehensive regional evacuation study that encompasses Broward, Miami-Dade and Monroe counties and is integrated with similar work completed by the Regional Planning Councils to the north (Treasure Coast) and west (Southwest Florida). Inter-agency cooperation and data sharing was a vital part of ensuring the success of this regional and state initiative. A regional Technical Advisory Team of county-level agencies was created, with each county’s Emergency Management Agency acting as the lead.
Although hurricanes are a prominent concern in the studies, the framework was established for an “all hazards” analysis in order to support planning efforts to prepare for other types of evacuations as well, such as inland flooding or wildfires. These studies are not policy documents – instead, they are intended to provide support for future updates to local government emergency management plans. The completed study consists of 99 volumes of material (9 for each of the 11 regions across the state).
As part of the statewide study, the DEM managed a separate contract for the production of updated Light Detection and Ranging (LiDAR) elevation data, which was completed for about 28,000 square miles across the State of Florida. CH2M Hill was the contractor that collected data for South Florida. Processing of the LiDAR data and preparation of the data for the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration’s National Hurricane Center (NHC) was completed in May 2009. New Sea, Lake and Overland Surge from Hurricanes (SLOSH) modeling was completed in 2010 for two SLOSH basins involved in the update for South Florida: Biscayne Bay for Miami-Dade and Broward Counties, and Florida Bay for Monroe County. Additional information about the LiDAR and SLOSH project is available on the Florida Division of Emergency Management website at www.floridadisaster.org/gis/lidar.
During the preparation of the Study, which began in December 2006, several of the Councils were designated as leads for development of the methodology for specific sections of the studies. South Florida Regional Council staff was the lead for the demographic analysis. In that role, Council staff developed a set of guidelines for the collection of data for demographic profiles for each county and each region, as well as for the collection of small-area data to support the transportation analysis. In addition, Council staff prepared demographic data for all 67 counties in the State of Florida, organized by RPCs, from the 2000 Census (block group data) and from the 2006 American Community Survey (ACS) (county data), to support the development of demographic profiles. Council staff also provided data from the 2000 Census Transportation Planning Package for 31 counties, with over ten thousand traffic analysis zones (TAZs), for use in the transportation analysis.
On December 15, 2010, the South Florida Regional Council convened State and county emergency management and growth management officials at its Hollywood office to deliver the South Florida component of the SRESP. Completion of the South Florida Regional Evacuation Study provided county emergency management officials an opportunity to update county emergency plans for operational purposes.
The study completed for South Florida in 2010 consisted of the first 8 volumes described below, which include links for downloading the published documents. Please note, some of the documents are very large, as they contain maps and other figures.
Subsequent to the completion of the original study, DEM contracted with the State’s Regional Planning Councils to carry out two additional projects. The first was the development of Volume 9-11, the Depth Analysis Atlas, which includes a separate book for each storm category that shows the extent and the depth of potential flooding from surge. This product was completed in July, 2012. The second project, completed in May, 2015, was the development of Volume 10-11, the Storm Tide Directional Atlas series, which maps the extent of surge expected for each category of storm for storms approaching the region from each of five directional storm clusters. The final project, completed in September, 2015, was an update to the transportation analysis. Its preparation began with the development of updated small area data based on the 2010 Census, with projections for 2015 and 2020. An updated regional evacuation network and an updated shelter inventory were also incorporated. New clearance time estimates were developed for 10 base scenarios and 10 operational scenarios. New versions of Volume 1-11 (Chapters V and VI), Volume 4-11 and Volume 5-11 were prepared (see below).
Volume 1-11 – Technical Data Report
Front Matter – Acknowledgements, Table of Contents and Executive Summary
Chapter I Regional Demographic and Land Use Analysis – A systematic enumeration and Geographic Information System (GIS) mapping of the dwelling units, population, vehicles and socio-economic characteristics for the three counties and the region in 2000 and 2006, as well as the projected dwelling units, population and vehicles within those areas in the years 2010 and 2015.
Chapter II Regional Hazards Analysis – A comprehensive analysis of the potential hazards to the South Florida region, including investigations of past hurricanes, storm surge, tornadoes, flooding, hazardous sites, terrorism and nuclear facilities, and a critical facilities inventory.
Chapter III Regional Behavioral Analysis Summary – A summary of the probable tendencies of potential evacuees based on a detailed residential survey by evacuation zone (Volumes 2 and 3).
Chapter IV Regional Vulnerability and Population Analysis – Delineation of the storm tide limits and the evacuation zones, identification of population-at-risk and evacuation populations, and a storm surge analysis of critical facilities.
Chapter V Regional Shelter Analysis – An inventory of existing public shelters and shelter capacity analysis, and geo-coding of the data to create a layer of shelter locations.
Chapter V Regional Shelter Analysis (2015 Update) – An inventory of existing public shelters and shelter capacity analysis, and geo-coding of the data to create a layer of shelter locations.
Chapter VI Regional Evacuation Transportation Analysis – Use of an evacuation transportation model specially developed for the study to calculate clearance times for five categories of storm, according to both a baseline set of assumptions and “operational” scenarios developed by the county emergency management staff.
Chapter VI Regional Evacuation Transportation Analysis (2015 Update) – Use of an evacuation transportation model specially developed for the study to calculate clearance times for five categories of storm, according to both a baseline set of assumptions and “operational” scenarios developed by the county emergency management staff.
Glossary – A list of terms as defined for use in the study.
Volume 2-11 – Regional Behavioral Analysis (Dr. Earl Jay Baker, Hazards Management Group) – A set of planning assumptions developed by Dr. Baker based on the survey results in Volume 3. These were used to establish the behavioral assumptions used in the transportation analysis.
Volume 3-11 – Regional Behavioral Survey Report (Kerr and Downs Research) – A total of 18,800 telephone surveys were completed statewide by the contractor, Kerr & Downs, in late 2007 and early 2008. The volume for South Florida includes extensive tabulations of the questions asked in 400 phone surveys conducted in each county (Monroe, Miami-Dade and Broward).
Volume 4-11 – Evacuation Transportation Analysis (Wilbur Smith Associates) – A total of ten baseline scenarios and 21 operational scenarios were analyzed to generate four clearance times by county: clearance times to shelter, in-county clearance times, out-of-county clearance times and regional clearance times. For each scenario, the total evacuating people and vehicles are calculated as well.
Volume 4-11 (2015 Update) – Evacuation Transportation Analysis – A total of ten baseline scenarios and 10 operational scenarios were analyzed to generate updated clearance times by county. The update incorporates new small area data based on the 2010 Census, along with an updated regional roadway network and updated shelter data. It also incorporates a significant change to the boundaries of the evacuation zones defined by the Miami-Dade County Office of Emergency Management. For each scenario, the total evacuating people and vehicles are calculated as well.
Volume 5-11 – Evacuation Transportation Supplemental Data Report (Wilbur Smith Associates) – This Report contains the model run inputs and outputs, and documents the source data for Volume 4-11 – Evacuation Transportation Analysis.
Volume 5-11 (2015 Update) – Evacuation Transportation Supplemental Data Report – This Report contains the model run inputs and outputs, and documents the source data for Volume 4-11 (2015 Update) – Evacuation Transportation Analysis.
Volume 6-11 – Emergency Management Evacuation Tool Kit – This document includes locally-selected data pertinent to each of the county emergency management agencies. It is meant to be used as a quick reference guide for operations. There is one book for each county in the region.
- Book 1 – Broward County
- Book 2 – Miami-Dade County
- Book 3 – Monroe County
Volume 7-11 – Storm Tide Atlas – The Atlas provides the storm tide boundaries for all five storm intensities in a single set of map plates, based on the 2010 SLOSH Analysis. There is a separate book for each county in the region. Some of these files are very large, and should be downloaded to your local computer before opening.
Volume 8-11 – Methodology of Evacuation Transportation Modeling (Wilbur Smith Associates) – This volume provides a detailed description of the methodologies, model assumptions and the Transportation Interface for Modeling Evacuations (TIME), developed for and utilized in the Statewide Regional Evacuation Study Program.
Volume 9-11 – Depth Analysis Atlas – This Atlas series depicts the storm surge flood depth separately for each of the of five different storm intensities. There is one book for Broward County with all 5 storm intensities, and separate books for each storm intensity for Miami-Dade County and for Monroe County. Some of these files are very large, and should be downloaded to your local computer before opening.
- Book 1 – Broward County (112 mb)
- Book 2A – Miami-Dade County (187 mb)
- Book 2B – Miami-Dade County (181 mb)
- Book 2C – Miami-Dade County (169 mb)
- Book 2D – Miami-Dade County (212 mb)
- Book 2E – Miami-Dade County (210 mb)
- Book 3A – Monroe County (113 mb)
- Book 3B – Monroe County (100 mb)
- Book 3C – Monroe County (70 mb)
- Book 3D – Monroe County (52 mb)
- Book 3E – Monroe County (74 mb)
Volume 10-11 – Directional Storm Tide Atlas – This Atlas depicts the extent of storm surge for all storm intensities for each of five different directional storm clusters. There is a set of six books for each county in the region, one with an overview, and one for each directional storm cluster. Some of these files are very large, and should be downloaded to your local computer before opening.
- Book 1 – Broward County (2 mb)
- Book 1A – Directional N-NE Storm Surge for Broward County (23 mb)
- Book 1B – Directional NE-E Storm Surge for Broward County (22 mb)
- Book 1C – Directional W-NW Storm Surge for Broward County (24 mb)
- Book 1D – Directional NW-N Storm Surge for Broward County (24 mb)
- Book 1E – Directional WSW-WNW Storm Surge for Broward County (26 mb)
- Book 2 – Miami-Dade County (2 mb)
- Book 2A – Directional N-NE Storm Surge for Miami-Dade County (54 mb)
- Book 2B – Directional NE-E Storm Surge for Miami-Dade County (52 mb)
- Book 2C – Directional W-NW Storm Surge for Miami-Dade County (54 mb)
- Book 2D – Directional NW-N Storm Surge for Miami-Dade County (55 mb)
- Book 2E – Directional WSW-WNW Storm Surge for Miami-Dade County (54 mb)
- Book 3 – Monroe County (2 mb)
- Book 3A – Directional N-NE Storm Surge for Monroe County (23 mb)
- Book 3B – Directional NE-E Storm Surge for Monroe County (22 mb)
- Book 3C – Directional W-NW Storm Surge for Monroe County (24 mb)
- Book 3D – Directional NW-N Storm Surge for Monroe County (25 mb)
- Book 3E – Directional WSW-WNW Storm Surge for Monroe County (24 mb)
Volume 1-11 – 2016 Supplemental Summary – This document contains updated summaries of the following chapters of the 2010 Volume 1-11 Technical Data Report: Chapter 1 – Regional Demographics, Chapter 2 – Regional Hazards Analysis and Chapter 4 – Regional Vulnerability and Population Analysis.
For additional information related to the Statewide Regional Evacuation Study Program please contact Richard Ogburn (firstname.lastname@example.org) or Manny Cela (email@example.com).